I Have PCOS. What Should I Eat?

PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) is common among women of reproductive age. Hallmarks include irregular periods, insulin resistance, and an excess of male hormones. For the 40 to 60 percent of women with PCOS who are overweight, weight loss can improve symptoms. But what specific foods and nutrients play a role? What’s the best diet for people with PCOS?

Load Up on Fiber

High-fiber foods can help with weight loss; increased dietary fiber has been shown to predict weight loss in women with PCOS.

Avoid High-Glycemic-Index Foods

Avoiding high-glycemic-index foods—such as refined grains, sweetened beverages, fruit juices, and added sugars—is helpful for PCOS.

Minimize Saturated and Trans Fats

Saturated and trans fats (which are highest in meat, dairy, and commercial snack foods) cause insulin resistance, which worsens PCOS.

Focus on Foods Low in AGEs (Advanced Glycation Endproducts)

These are highly reactive molecules present in certain foods (especially when cooked at high temperatures) that can induce inflammation, insulin resistance, and cellular damage. Women with PCOS tend to have higher levels of AGEs and AGE receptors. Diets low in AGEs reduce inflammation and insulin resistance in women with PCOS. High-AGE foods include beef, pork, poultry, cheese, butter, cream cheese, and processed snack foods. Low-AGE foods include whole grains, legumes, vegetables, and fruits.

Opt for Soy

Soy has been shown to improve PCOS. A 2018 randomized trial compared a soy-containing diet with a higher-animal-protein control diet in women with PCOS. Both groups ate the same total calories, protein, carbs, and fat. Compared with the control diet, the soy diet led to significant decreases in body weight, waist circumference, insulin, insulin resistance, blood sugar, and triglycerides; it also helped counteract hormone disruption. A 2016 study found similar results.

Avoid Animal Protein

Protein from animal sources tends to promote insulin resistance and inflammation, key issues in PCOS.


A 2017 review study published in Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews noted that “a favorable dietary plan in women with PCOS should contain low amounts of saturated fatty acids. … Additionally, sufficient intake of fiber-rich diet from whole grains, legumes, vegetables, and fruits with an emphasis on carbohydrate sources with low glycemic index is highly recommended.” Hmmm … sounds a lot like a plant-based diet to me!

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About the Author

Headshot of Michelle McMacken, MD, FACP, DIPABLM

About the Author

Michelle McMacken, MD, FACP, DipABLM

Dr. Michelle McMacken is a board-certified internal medicine physician, executive director of Nutrition and Lifestyle Medicine at NYC Health + Hospitals, and an assistant professor of medicine at NYU School of Medicine. An honors graduate of Yale University and Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, she has more than 14 years of experience practicing primary care, directing a medical weight-loss program, and teaching doctors-in-training. An enthusiastic supporter of plant-based nutrition, she is committed to educating patients, medical students, and doctors about the power of healthy eating and lifestyle modification. Follow her on Instagram and LinkedIn All opinions expressed by McMacken are her own and do not necessarily represent those of her hospital affiliations; neither she nor her affiliated hospitals have a financial relationship with Forks Over Knives.
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